Computer and Robot Assisted Surgery (CRAS) is an area receiving broad attention world wide, because of its strong potential to achieve new levels of healthcare. In Europe, the robotics and the cognitive science communities have been independently pursuing research in this field, making significant, but fragmented contributions. Furthermore, strong manufacturers of surgical instruments are present in Europe. Thus, the objective of this project is to develop an integration methodology for the efforts of all research and manufacturing players in CRAS. The goal of this methodology is to facilitate the development of new products and their integration into surgical robots endowed with cognitive capabilities, thus establishing the new field of Cognitive Robotic Surgery. To achieve this objective, the EuRoSurge project will develop a conceptual framework that will: simplify communication among the surgical, engineering and manufacturing communities; facilitate the integration of results of research and development into complex systems; simplify technology transfer from research to products; identify research synergies and thus maximize the impact of funding. EuRoSurge will provide a framework for continued and effective cooperation and instruments that will facilitate the integration of research from different European Laboratories. EuRoSurge goals will be achieved by the implementation of the following actions: 1. Identification of all the research laboratories and companies involved\active in robotics and cognitive science carrying out work in CRAS. 2. Development of a map of the current activities in CRAS in Europe 3. Identification of the main integration elements of Cognitive Surgical Robotics: a. Definition of common language and conceptual structure; b. Definition of modular architecture; c. Definition of performance validation and compatibility tests; d. Identification of potential non-technical roadblocks. 4. Proposing actions leading to the integration of European efforts in CRAS, resulting in: a. An action plan for extending these activities on a longer/broader range, b. A recommendation/proposal to the European Commission for a supported activity, c. An action plan for a community-driven open-source activity.