ARS - Autonomous Robotic Surgery

Starting date
October 1, 2017
Duration (months)
Computer Science, Department of Engineering for Innovation Medicine
Managers or local contacts
Fiorini Paolo

The goal of the ARS project is the derivation of a unified framework for the autonomous execution of robotic tasks in
challenging environments in which accurate performance and safety are of paramount importance. We have chosen
surgery as the research scenario because of its importance, its intrinsic challenges, and the presence of three factors
that make this project feasible and timely. In fact, we have recently concluded the I-SUR project demonstrating
the feasibility of autonomous surgical actions, we have access to the first big data made available to researchers of
clinical robotic surgeries, and we will be able to demonstrate the project results on the high performance surgical
robot “da Vinci Research Kit”. The impact of autonomous robots on the workforce is a current subject of discussion,
but surgical autonomy will be welcome by the medical personnel, e.g. to carry out simple intervention steps, react
faster to unexpected events, or monitor the insurgence of fatigue. The framework for autonomous robotic surgery
will include five main research objectives. The first will address the analysis of robotic surgery data set to extract
action and knowledge models of the intervention. The second objective will focus on planning, which will consist
of instantiating the intervention models to a patient specific anatomy. The third objective will address the design of
the hybrid controllers for the discrete and continuous parts of the intervention. The fourth research objective will
focus on real time reasoning to assess the intervention state and the overall surgical situation. Finally, the last research
objective will address the verification, validation and benchmark of the autonomous surgical robotic capabilities.
The research results to be achieved by ARS will contribute to paving the way towards enhancing autonomy and
operational capabilities of service robots, with the ambitious goal of bridging the gap between robotic and human task
execution capability.


Unione Europea
Funds: assigned and managed by the department

Project participants

Diego Dall'Alba
Scholarship holder
Paolo Fiorini
Research Assistants
Michele Ginesi
Temporary Professor
Michele Lora
Temporary Assistant Professor
Bogdan Mihai Maris
Laboratory technician
Daniele Meli
Temporary Assistant Professor
Riccardo Muradore
Associate Professor
Giovanni Gerardo Muscolo
Nicola Sansonetto
Associate Professor
Roberto Segala
Full Professor
Research areas involved in the project
Sistemi ciberfisici
Embedded and cyber-physical systems


Research facilities