The aim of this course is to provide to the students the physiological bases to understand: a) the bio-physical properties of the plasma membrane and the principles of cell excitability, nerve conduction and synaptic transmission; b) how the nervous system acquires and processes sensory information and how it plans and executes the movement; c) the functional organization of cardiovascular, res-piratory, renal, and endocrine system.
At the end of the course, the students will have to demonstrate knowledge of the basics of the func-tioning of the human body and the ability to use this knowledge in bioinformatics
• Introduction to human physiology and definition of homeostasis.
• Biophysics of cell membranes: resting membrane potential, equilibrium potential, and action potential.
• Anatomical and functional organization of the nervous system.
• Electrical and chemical synapses. Inhibitory and excitatory synapses.
• Sensation and sensory processing: somatic, visual, auditory and chemosensory systems.
• Movement and its control: muscle, motor units, movement planning and control.
• Autonomous nervous system and physiological bases of the cardiovascular, respiratory, urinary and digestive system.
• General features of the endocrine system and description of the main functions of hormones.
|Stanfield CL||Fisiologia (Edizione 5)||EdiSES||2017||9788879599726|
The oral exam will focus on the topics discussed during the lessons. The final grade will take into account the participation to interactive learning activities performed during the course.
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