The aim of this course is to provide to the students the physiological bases to understand: a) the biophysical properties of the plasma membrane and the principles of cell excitability, nerve conduction and synaptic transmission; b) how the nervous system acquires and processes sensory information and how it plans and executes the movement; c) the functional organization of cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, and endocrine system.
At the end of the course, the student will have to demonstrate knowledge of the basics of the functioning of the human body and to use this knowledge in bioinformatics.
• Introduction to human physiology and definition of homeostasis.
• Biophysics of cell membranes: resting membrane potential, equilibrium potential, and action potential.
• Anatomical and functional organization of the nervous system.
• Electrical and chemical synapses. Inhibitory and excitatory synapses.
• Sensation and sensory processing: somatic sensory, visual, auditory and chemosensory system.
• Movement and its central control: motor system and motor control.
• Learning and memory. Plasticity of the nervous system.
• Visceral motor system and physiological bases of cardiovascular, respiratory and renal system.
• General features of the endocrine system and description of the main functions of hormones.
|Stanfield CL||Fisiologia (Edizione 5)||EdiSES||2017||9788879599726|
|Purves D. Augustine GJ, Fitzpatrick D, Hall WC, LaMantia AS, White LE||Neuroscienze (Edizione 4)||Zanichelli||2013||9788808179289|
|Wildmaier EP, Raff H, Strang KT||Vander Fisiologia (Edizione 1)||Casa editrice Ambrosiana||2011||9788808185105|
The oral exam will focus on the topics of frontal lessons and will assess the knowledge of the main mechanisms of regulation of the physiology of the various organs and apparatus.
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